Education reform is a plan or movement which attempts to bring about a systemic change in educational practices. Educational theories, curriculum casino spiel reform, and operational structure are often areas targeted for change.
In western society, this has preoccupied many famous intellectuals such as Plato and Rousseau. In fact, Western civilization developed classical education to economically teach skills and a framework for all human knowledge. Since the 1850s, most reforms have attempted to either make individuals more perfectly developed, or to reduce the costs or increase the effectiveness of mass education. For example, the Transcendental movement, Joseph Lancaster's London poor school, or Deweyism.